A Complete Installation and Resurfacing Guide to Asphalt and Concrete Driveway

A Complete Installation and Resurfacing Guide to Asphalt and Concrete Driveway

When it comes to driveways, two popular options are asphalt and concrete. Both materials have their own unique advantages and disadvantages, and choosing between the two ultimately depends on factors such as climate, budget, and personal preference. In this article, we’ll take a look at a complete installation and resurfacing guide to asphalt and concrete driveways, covering everything from finding an asphalt and pavement contractor to the asphalt driveway paving process.

Asphalt Driveway Paving

Once you’ve found a reputable asphalt and pavement contractor, it’s time to start the installation or resurfacing process. Here’s a step-by-step guide to asphalt driveway paving:

Excavation: The first step is to excavate the area where the driveway will be installed or resurfaced. This involves removing any existing asphalt or concrete, as well as any vegetation or debris.

Base installation: A layer of crushed stone or gravel is then installed to create a stable base for the asphalt. This base should be compacted and leveled to ensure proper drainage and a smooth surface.

Binder layer: The binder layer is the first layer of asphalt to be installed. This layer is typically thicker than the top layer and is designed to provide stability and strength to the driveway.

Surface layer: The surface layer is the final layer of asphalt to be installed. This layer is thinner than the binder layer and is designed to provide a smooth and durable surface.

Finishing touches: Once the asphalt has been installed, the contractor will make sure that the edges are neat and tidy, and that any drainage issues have been addressed. The driveway will then be left to cure for several days before it can be used.

Concrete driveway paving

If you’re considering installing a concrete driveway, it’s important to have a clear understanding of the process involved. Here’s a step-by-step guide to concrete driveway paving:

Excavation and Base Preparation: The first step in any driveway paving project is to excavate the area and prepare the base. This involves removing any existing materials (such as an old driveway or grass) and leveling the ground. A sub-base of crushed stone or gravel may be installed to provide a stable foundation. The sub-base should be compacted and leveled to ensure proper drainage.

Installing Forms: Wooden or metal forms are installed along the edges of the driveway to create a mold for the concrete. These forms are secured with stakes or screws to prevent the concrete from spilling out.

Reinforcing: In order to add strength and durability to the driveway, steel reinforcement bars (rebar) may be installed within the formwork. The rebar is placed in a grid pattern and secured with wire ties to prevent movement during the pouring process.

Pouring Concrete: Once the forms and reinforcement are in place, it’s time to pour the concrete. The concrete is typically delivered in a truck and poured directly into the forms. It’s important to work quickly during this stage to ensure the concrete doesn’t dry out too quickly.

Leveling and Finishing: Once the concrete is poured, it needs to be leveled and finished. This involves using a screed to level the concrete and a bull float to smooth out any rough patches. Depending on the desired finish, the contractor may use a trowel, broom, or stamp to create texture.

Curing: After the concrete is poured and finished, it needs to cure for several days. During this time, it’s important to keep the surface moist to prevent cracking. The contractor may cover the surface with a plastic sheet or use a curing compound to help retain moisture.

Sealing: Once the concrete is fully cured, a sealer may be applied to protect the surface from water and other elements. The sealer may be a clear coat or a colored tint, depending on the desired look.

Asphalt vs concrete driveway; which is better

When it comes to choosing between an asphalt and concrete driveway, both materials have their pros and cons. The decision ultimately depends on your personal preferences, budget, and specific needs. Here’s a breakdown of the differences between asphalt and concrete driveways:

Appearance: Concrete driveways are typically light-colored, giving a clean and modern look. On the other hand, asphalt driveways are dark-colored and give a classic, traditional look.

Durability: Asphalt driveways are generally less durable than concrete driveways. They are prone to cracking and may require more maintenance over time. Concrete driveways, on the other hand, are known for their durability and can last up to 30 years with proper maintenance.

Maintenance: Asphalt driveways require regular maintenance, including sealcoating every 2-3 years to prevent cracks and potholes. Concrete driveways require less maintenance but may need occasional sealing to prevent staining and damage.

Cost: Asphalt driveways are generally less expensive than concrete driveways. However, the cost may vary depending on factors such as the size of the driveway and the location of the property.

Climate: Climate can also be a factor in choosing between an asphalt and concrete driveway. Asphalt can soften and become more pliable in hot temperatures, whereas concrete can crack in freezing temperatures. If you live in an area with extreme temperatures, it’s important to consider which material will hold up better.

Overall, both asphalt and concrete driveways have their advantages and disadvantages. It’s important to weigh the pros and cons and consider your specific needs before making a decision. Consulting with an experienced asphalt and pavement contractor can also help you make an informed choice.

Considerations when choosing a driveway contractor

If you’re considering installing or resurfacing your driveway, it’s important to find a reputable and experienced contractor who can handle the job. Here are some tips for finding a reliable resurfacing driveway contractor:

Look for referrals: Start by asking family, friends, and neighbors for recommendations. If they’ve had their driveway resurfaced recently and had a good experience with the contractor, they’ll likely be happy to recommend them.

Do your research: Once you have a list of potential contractors, do some online research to learn more about their experience, qualifications, and customer reviews. Look for contractors who have experience with resurfacing driveways and have a good reputation in your area.

Check for insurance and licenses: It’s important to make sure the contractor you hire has the necessary insurance and licenses to do the job. This will protect you in case of any accidents or damages that may occur during the resurfacing process.

Get multiple quotes: It’s always a good idea to get quotes from multiple contractors to compare pricing and services. Make sure each quote includes a detailed breakdown of the costs, materials, and timeline for the job.


In conclusion, choosing and maintaining a driveway is an important decision that requires careful consideration. Concrete driveways offer durability and a modern look, while asphalt driveways are less expensive and offer a traditional appearance. Climate and maintenance requirements should also be taken into account when choosing between the two. When it comes to resurfacing a driveway, finding a reputable contractor with experience, insurance, and references is key to ensuring a successful and long-lasting job. Ultimately, whether you choose asphalt or concrete and whether you resurface or install a new driveway, the right choice will depend on your specific needs, budget, and preferences. By taking the time to research and consult with experts, you can make an informed decision that will benefit you for years to come.

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